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数控机床如何选型?八个步骤轻松搞定!

   日期:2019-11-11     浏览:396    评论:0    
核心提示:随着现代制造技术的发展,企业选用数控设备已是大势所趋。目前市面上的数控设备可谓琳琅满目,如何才能既经济又合理地选择到适合本企业的数控设备,一直是人们关注的话题。本文完全从技术的角度对选型中应注意的问题进行了全面的论述。

SUIZHEXIANDAIZHIZAOJISHUDEFAZHAN,QIYEXUANYONGSHUKONGSHEBEIYISHIDASHISUOQU。MUQIANSHIMIANSHANGDESHUKONGSHEBEIKEWEILINLANGMANMU,RUHECAINENGJIJINGJIYOUHELIDIXUANZEDAOSHIHEBENQIYEDESHUKONGSHEBEI,YIZHISHIRENMENGUANZHUDEHUATI。BENWENWANQUANCONGJISHUDEJIAODUDUIXUANXINGZHONGYINGZHUYIDEWENTIJINXINGLEQUANMIANDELUNSHU。

数控机床如何选型?八个步骤轻松搞定!

DUIYIGEZHIZAOQIYELAISHUO,TIGAOSHENGCHANNENGLIWANGWANGCONGSHENGCHANGUANLI、ZHIZAOGONGYI、SHENGCHANSHEBEIDENGFANGMIANRUSHOUJINXINGJISHUGAIZAO,ERZHEIJIBUFENNEIRONGYOUSHIHUWEIYINGXIANGHEZHIYUEDE。ZAIJIGAIZHONGDUISHENGCHANSHEBEI、SHUKONGJICHUANGDEGENGXIN、WEIXIU、CAIGOUDENGDEXUANZESHANGBIXUKAOLVDAOYAOZAISHENMEYANGHUANJINGXIASHIYONG、RUHEGUANLI、ZENYANGNENGDADAOZUIHAODEJINGJIXIAOGUODENGWENTI。

四川快乐12XUANZESHUKONGJICHUANGSHIYIGEZONGHEXINGJISHUWENTI,XIANZAIWULUNGUONEIHAISHIGUOWAI,DOUNENGSHENGCHANTIGONGDUOZHONGDUOYANGDESHEBEI。SHUKONGJICHUANGJINGJISHINIANFAZHANYIYANBIANCHUYIGEPANGDAJIAZUQUN,NENGWANCHENGGEZHONGGEYANGDEJIAGONGZHIZAOYAOQIU。RUHECONGPINZHONGFANDUO、JIAGEANGGUIDESHEBEIZHONGXUANZESHIYONGDESHEBEI,RUHESHIZHEIXIESHEBEIZAIZHIZAOZHONGCHONGFENFAHUIZUOYONGERQIEYOUNENGMANZUQIYEYIHOUDEFAZHAN,RUHEZHENGQUE、HELIDIXUANGOUYUZHUJIPEITAODEFUJIAN、GONGJU、RUANJIANJISHU、SHOUHOUJISHUFUWUDENG,SHICAIGOUDESHEBEINENGDADAOJIAOHAODETOURUBI……ZHEIXIEWENTIDOUSHIGUANGDACAIGOUZHEBIXUKAOLV,BINGZHUYIYAOCHULIHAODEWENTI。

一、确定典型加工工件“族”

四川快乐12QUEDINGJIAGONGSHENMEYANGLINGJIANSHIXUANZESHEBEIDEDIYIBU。QIYEGENJUJISHUGAIZAOHESHENGCHANFAZHANXUYAO,QUEDINGYOUNAXIELINGJIAN、NEIXIEGONGXUZHUNBEIYONGXINDEJIAGONGSHEBEILAIWANCHENG,YAOKAOLVDAOCHANPINFAZHANDEYUANJINGGUIHUA。YONGCHENGZUJISHUBAZHEIXIELINGJIANJINXINGFENZUGUILEI,QUEDINGZHUNBEIZHUYAOJIAGONGDUIXIANGDEDIANXINGLINGJIANZU。ZAIGUILEIZHONGWANGWANGHUIYUDAOLINGJIANGUIGEDAXIAOXIANGCHAHENDUO、LINGJIANXINGZHUANGXIANGCHAJIAODA、GELEILINGJIANJIAGONGGONGSHIDADACHAOGUOSHEBEIMANFUHEGONGSHIDENGWENTI,YINCI,YAOJINYIBUXUANZEQUEDINGSHENGCHANGANGLINGYOUBIJIAOJIEJINYAOQIUDEDIANXINGGONGJIANZU。DIANXINGGONGJIANZUANWAIXINGKEYIFENWEILINGXINGLEI(XIANGTILEI)、BANLEI、HUIZHUANTILEI(PAN、TAO、ZHOU、FALAN)HEYIXINGLEIDENG;ANJIAGONGJINGDUYAOQIUYOUKEFENPUTONGJIHEJINGMIJIDENG。DIANXINGLINGJIANFENLEIQINGCHULE,JIBENJIAGONGSHEBEIYEJIUBIJIAOMINGQUELE。

二、典型零件族的工艺规程设计

ZAIQUEDINGJIAGONGLINGJIANHOUHAIBIXUYONGSHUKONGJIAGONGGONGYIDEXUEGUANDIANDUIGONGYILIUCHENGJINXINGXINDEGUIHUASHEJI,ZHEILIBAOKUODUIYUANGONGYISHENGCHANLIUCHENGDEBIANGE、TANSUOSHIXIANXINGONGYIFANGFADEKEXINGXING、TANSUOSHIXIANXIANDAISHENGCHANGUANLIHEWULIUGUANLIKEXINGXING、TANSUOSHIYONGXIANJINDAOJUGONGZHUANGDAFUDUTIGAOSHENGCHANXIAOLVDEKEXINGXING、TANSUOZAISHENGCHANXIANSHANGSHUKONGSHEBEIHEQITASHEBEI(PUTONGDE、ZHUANJIDE)DEHELIPEIZHIGONGYIDENG,MUDESHIXIWANGDEDAOSHIYONGSHUKONGJICHUANGHOUDEZUIJIAGONGYIZHIZAOLIUCHENG。XIAMIANSHIJIGEDIANXINGLEILINGJIANDEHELIJIAGONGGONGYI。

☆ZHOULEILINGJIAN:XIANDUANMIANDAZHONGXINKONG→SHUKONGCHECHUANG(CUJIAGONG)→SHUKONGMOCHUANG(JINGJIAGONG);

☆FALANHEPANLEIJIAN:SHUKONGCHECHUANG(CUJIAGONG)→CHEXUEZHONGXIN(JINGJIAGONG);

☆XINGQIANGMOJULINGJIAN:PUTONGJICHUANGJIAGONGWAIXINGJIJIMIAN→SHUKONGXIANCHUANGJIAGONGXINGMIAN→GAOSUSHUKONGXIANJINGJIAGONG→PAOGUANGHUODIANFUSHIXINGMIAN;

四川快乐12☆BANLEILINGJIAN:SHUANGZHOUXIANCHUANGHUOLONGMENXIANCHUANGJIAGONGDAPINGMIAN→LISHIJIAGONGZHONGXINSHANGJIAGONGGELEIKONG;

☆XIANGTILINGJIAN:LISHIJIAGONGZHONGXINSHANGJIAGONGDIMIAN→WOSHIJIAGONGZHONGXINSHANGJIAGONGSIZHOUMIANGEGONGYIMIAN。

三、数控机床主要特征规格的选择

四川快乐12JICHUANGTEZHENGGUIGEYINGBAOKUOJIXING、JICHUANGGUIGECANSHUHEJICHUANGZHUDIANJIGONGLVDENG。ZAIQUEDINGGONGYINEIRONGDEQIANTIXIA,JIXINGXUANZEJIUJIAOMINGQUELE。LIRU,HUIZHUANTILINGJIANJIAGONGZHUYAOKEGONGXUANZESHEBEIYOUCHECHUANG、CHEXUEZHONGXIN、SHUKONGMOCHUANGDENG;XIANGTIDEJIAGONGZEYINGYILISHIHUOWOSHIJIAGONGZHONGXINWEIZHU。

SHUKONGJICHUANGYIFAZHANCHENGPINZHONGFANDUO、KEGONGGUANGFANXUANZEDESHANGPIN,ZAIJIXINGXUANZEZHONGYINGZAIMANZUJIAGONGGONGYIYAOQIUDEQIANTIXIAYUEJIANDANYUEHAO。LIRU,CHEXUEZHONGXINHESHUKONGCHECHUANGDOUKEYIJIAGONGZHOULEILINGJIAN,DANYITAIMANZUTONGYANGJIAGONGGUIGEDECHEXUEZHONGXINJIAGEYAOBISHUKONGCHECHUANGGUIJIBEI,RUGUOMEIYOUJINYIBUGONGYIYAOQIU,XUANSHUKONGCHECHUANGYINGSHIHELIDE。ZAIJIAGONGXINGQIANGMOJULINGJIANZHONG,TONGGUIGEDESHUKONGXIANCHUANGHEJIAGONGZHONGXINDOUNENGMANZUJIBENJIAGONGYAOQIU,DANLIANGZHONGJICHUANGJIAGEXIANGCHA20%~50%,SUOYIZAIMOJUJIAGONGZHONGYAOCAIYONGCHANGGENGHUANDAOJUDEGONGYIKEANPAIXUANYONGJIAGONGZHONGXIN,ERGUDINGYIBADAOJUZHANGSHIJIANXIANXUEDEKEXUANYONGSHUKONGXIANCHUANG。

SHUKONGJICHUANGDEZUIZHUYAOGUIGESHIJIGESHUKONGZHOUDEXINGCHENGFANWEIHEZHUZHOUDIANJIGONGLV。JICHUANGDESANGEJIBENZHIXIANZUOBIAO(X、Y、Z)XINGCHENGFANYINGGAIJICHUANGYUNXUDEJIAGONGKONGJIAN,ZAICHECHUANGZHONGLIANGGEZUOBIAO(X、Z)FANYINGYUNXUHUIZHUANTIDEDAXIAO。YIBANQINGKUANGXIAJIAGONGGONGJIANDELUNKUOCHICUNYINGZAIJICHUANGDEJIAGONGKONGJIANFANWEIZHINEI,LIRU,DIANXINGGONGJIANSHI450 mm ×450 mm ×450 mmDEXIANGTI,NEIMEYINGXUANQUGONGZUOTAIMIANCHICUNWEI500mm×500 mmDEJIAGONGZHONGXIN。

四、机床精度的选择

DIANXINGLINGJIANDEGUANJIANBUWEIJIAGONGJINGDUYAOQIUJUEDINGLEXUANZESHUKONGJICHUANGDEJINGDUDENGJI。SHUKONGJICHUANGGENJUYONGTUYOUFENWEIJIANYIXING、QUANGONGNENGXING、CHAOJINGMIXINGDENG,QINENGDADAODEJINGDUYESHIGEBUYIYANGDE。JIANYIXINGMUQIANHAIYONGYUYIBUFENCHECHUANGHEXIANCHUANG,QIZUIXIAOYUNDONGFENBIANLVWEI0.01mm,YUNDONGJINGDUHEJIAGONGJINGDUDOUZAI(0.03~0.05)mmYISHANG。CHAOJINGMIXINGYONGYUTESHUJIAGONG,QIJINGDUKEDA0.001mmYIXIA。ZHEILIZHUYAOTAOLUNYINGYONGZUIDUODEQUANGONGNENGSHUKONGJICHUANG(YIJIAGONGZHONGXINWEIZHU)。

五、数控系统的选择

四川快乐12SUIZHESHICHANGXUQIUDUOYANGHUA,JICHUANGZHIZAOSHANGWANGWANGTIGONGTONGYIZHONGJICHUANGKEPEIZHIDUOZHONGSHUKONGDEXUANZEHUOSHUKONGXITONGZHONGDUOZHONGXUANZEGONGNENGDEXUANZE。

四川快乐12JICHUANGZHIZAOSHANGTIGONGDEJICHUANGPEIZHIDESHUKONGXITONGFENWEIZHULIUXITONGJIKESHIYINGDEXITONG,ZHULIUXITONGXIANGDUILAISHUOJISHUCHENGSHUXINGHAOYIXIE,DANDUISHIYONGYONGHUYINGLINGYOUYAOQIU,LIRUDUIMINGPAIXITONGDEZHILIANGZHUIQIU、XIWANGZAIGUONEIYOUJIAOHAODESHOUHOUJISHUTIAOJIAN、ZAIYONGHUDANWEISHIYONGDESHUKONGXITONGXIANGDUIJIZHONGZAIJIJIADENGYAOQIU,YIBIANSHIYONGZHANGWOHEWEIXIUPEIJIANZHUNBEI,SUOYIYONGHUDANWEIDOUYUANYIPEIZHIZIJIXINDEGUOHUOBIJIAOSHUXIDESHUKONGXITONG。

ERYONGHUXUANZEXITONGDEJIBENYUANZESHI:XINGNENGJIAGEBIYAOGAO、GOUHOUDESHIYONGWEIHUYAOFANGBIAN、XITONGDESHICHANGSHOUMINGYAOZHANG(BUNENGXUANTAOTAIXITONG,FOUZESHIYONGJINIANHOUJIANGZHAOBUDAOWEIXIUBEIJIAN)DENG。

四川快乐12SHUKONGXITONGZHONGCHUJIBENGONGNENGYIWAIHAIYOUHENDUOKEGONGXUANZEDEGONGNENG。DUIPEIZAIJICHUANGSHANGDEXITONG,YOUYUJICHUANGSHIYONGJIBENYAOQIUSUOXUDESHUKONGXITONGXUANZEGONGNENGYIYOUZHIZAOSHANGXUANPEI,YONGHUKEYIGENJUZIJIDESHENGCHANGUANLI、CELIANGYAOQIU、DAOJUGUANLI、CHENGXUBIANZHIYAOQIUDENG,EWAIZAIXUANZEYIXIEGONGNENGLIERUDINGHUODANZHONG,RUDNCJIEKOULIANWANGYAOQIUDENG。

六、自动换刀装备(ATC)、自动交换工作台(APC)和刀柄的选择配置

ZAIJUBEIZONGHEJIAGONGNENGLIDEYIXIESHUKONGJICHUANGSHANG,RUJIAGONGZHONGXIN、CHEXUEZHONGXINHEDAIJIAOHUANCHONGTOUDESHUKONGCHONGCHUANGDENG,ZIDONGJIAOHUANZHUANGZHISHIZHEIXIESHEBEIDEJIBENTEZHENGFUJIAN,TADEGONGZUOZHILIANGZHIJIEGUANXIDAOZHENGJIDEZHILIANG,YESHIGOUCHENGSHEBEITOUZIZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN(JINGFEIZHANZHENGJICHENGBENDE10%~30%)。YINCI,ZAIXUANZEZHUJISHEBEISHIBIXUDEZHONGSHISUOPEIATCZIDONGHUANDAOZHUANGZHIDEGONGZUOZHILIANGHEDAOJUCHUCUNLIANG。MUQIANJIAGONGZHONGXINZIDONGHUANDAOZHUANGZHIDEPEITAOJIAOWEIGUIFAN,YIXIAYIJIAGONGZHONGXINDEATCZHUANGZHIWEILILAISHUOMINGQIXUANZEYUANZE。

XIANCHANGJINGYANBIAOMING,ZAIJIAGONGZHONGXINDESHIYONGGUZHANGZHONGYOU50%ZUOYOUYUATCZHUANGZHIYOUGUAN,DANATCYOUSHITIGAOSHEBEIJIAGONGXIAOLVDEJIBENBUJIAN,YINCIJIANYIYONGHUYINGZAIMANZUSHIYONGYAOQIUDEQIANTIXIA,JINLIANGXUANYONGJIEGOUJIANDANHEKEKAOXINGGAODEATC,ZHEIYANGYEKEYIXIANGYINGDIJIANGDIZHENGJIJIAGE。

七、机床选择功能及附件的选择

四川快乐12ZAIXUANGOUSHUKONGJICHUANGSHI,CHUMANZUJIBENYAOQIUDEGONGNENGJIJIBENJIANWAI,HAIYINGCHONGFENKAOLVXUANZEJIANXUANZEGONGNENGJIFUJIAN。XUANZEYUANZESHI:QUANMIANPEIZHI,CHONGFENFAHUIZHUJIDEZUIDAQIANLI,YUANJINQIXIAOYIZONGHEKAOLV。DUIYIXIEJIAGEZENGJIABUDUO,DANDUISHIYONGDAILAIHENDUOFANGBIANDE,YINGJINKENENGPEIZHIQIQUAN。FUJIANPEITAOYAOBAOZHENGJICHUANGDAOXIANCHANGHOUNENGLIJITOURUSHIYONG,QIEJIHUAJISHIWANYUANSHENZHIJIBAIWANGOUMAIDEYITAIJICHUANG,DAOHUOHOUYINQUEFAYIGEJISHIYUANHUOJIBAIYUANDEFUJIANERZHANGQIBUNENGSHIYONGDEQINGKUANGDEFASHENG。

八、技术服务

SHUKONGJICHUANGZUOWEIYIZHONGGAOKEJICHANPIN,BAOHANLEDUOXUEKEDEZHUANYENEIRONG,DUIZHEIYANGFUZADEJISHUSHEBEI,YAOYINGYONGHAO、WEIXIUHAODANKAOYINGYONGDANWEIZISHENNULISHIYUANYUANBUGOUDE,ERQIEYEHENNANZUODAO,BIXUYIKAOHELIYONGSHEHUISHANGDEZHUANYEDUIWU。YINCI,ZAIXUANGOUSHEBEISHIHAIYINGZONGHEKAOLVXUANGOUQIWEIRAOSHEBEIDESHOUQIAN、SHOUHOUJISHUFUWU,QIZONGZHIJIUSHIYAOSHISHEBEIJINKUAIJINLIANGDIFAHUIZUOYONG。

DUIYIXIEXINDESHUKONGJICHUANGYONGHULAISHUO,ZUIKUNNANDEBUSHIQUEFAZIJINGOUMAISHEBEI,ERSHIQUEFAYIZHIGAOSUZHIDEJISHUDUIWU,YINCIXINYONGHUCONGKAISHIXUANZESHEBEISHIQI,BAOKUOYIHOUDESHEBEIDAOHUOANZHUANGYANSHOU、SHEBEICAOZUO、CHENGXUBIANZHI、JIXIEHEDIANQIWEIXIUDENG,DOUXUYAORENCAIHEJISHUZHICHI。ZHEIXIETIAOJIANZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIYOUYONGHUJIEJUESHIHENKUNNANDE,DANGQIAN,GEJICHUANGZHIZAOSHANGYIPUBIANZHONGSHISHANGPINDESHOUQIAN、SHOUHOUFUWU,XIEZHUYONGHUDUIDIANXINGGONGJIANZUOGONGYIFENXI、JINXINGJIAGONGKEXINGXINGGONGYISHIYANYIJICHENGDANCHENGTAOJISHUFUWU,BAOKUOGONGYIZHUANGBEIYANZHI、CHENGXUBIANZHI、ANZHUANGDIAOSHI、SHIQIEGONGJIAN,ZHIDAOQUANMIANTOURUSHENGCHANHOUKUAISUXIANGYINGBAOXIUFUWU,WEIYONGHUJUBANGELEIJISHURENYUANPEIXUNDENG。

ZONGZHI,FANZHONGSHIJISHUDUIWUJIANSHE、ZHONGSHIZHIGONGSUZHITIGAODEQIYE,SHUKONGJICHUANGJIUNENGDEDAOHELISHIYONG。SUOYIZAIXUANZEJICHUANGSHI,JIANYIYONGHUHUAYIBUFENZIJINXUANGOUZHENDUIZIJIDUANQUEDEJISHUFUWU,SHISHEBEIJINKUAIFAHUIZUOYONG。

 


 
标签: 数控机床
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