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工控系统安全的6大挑战与5个误区

   日期:2020-02-21     浏览:266    评论:0    
核心提示:近9年多时间里,我国在实施工控系统​网络安全各项工作的同时,也遇到了与互联网安全、信息系统安全完全不同的困难和挑战,仍很严峻……

近9年多时间里,我国在实施工控系统四川快乐12网络安全各项工作的同时,也遇到了与互联网安全、信息系统安全完全不同的困难和挑战,仍很严峻……

工控系统安全的6大挑战与5个误区

一、工控系统已成为网络空间安全的重要战场

四川快乐122010NIAN,YILANGFASHENGLEZHENJINGSHIRENDE“ZHENWANG”(Stuxnet)SHIJIAN,“ZHENWANG”JISUANJIBINGDUGONGJILEYILANGNATANZIYOUNONGSUOJIDIHEBUSHENERHEDIANZHANSHIYONGDEXIMENZIPCS7KONGZHIXITONG,POHUAILEDALIANGYOUNONGSUOLIXINJIHEBUSHENERHEDIANZHANFADIANJIZU,DAOZHIYILANGHEJIHUAZHISHAOBEIYANCHI2NIAN。

四川快乐12SHIJIANBIAOMING,WANGLUOKONGJIANDEANQUANWEIXIEYICONGCHUANTONGDEHULIANWANG、JISUANJIDENGXUNIKONGJIANXUNSUYANSHENKUOZHANZHIWULISHIJIEDEGONGYEKONGZHIXITONG。JI“JISUANJIBINGDU”KEYIZAIBUPOHUAIGONGKONGXITONGBENSHENDEQINGKUANGXIA,TONGGUOCAOKONGGONGYEKONGZHIXITONG,YINFASHENGCHANZHONGDUAN、GUANDAOXIELOU、HUANJINGWURAN、ZHUANGBEISUNHUI,SHENZHIKEYIYINFAZAINANSHIGU,DAOZHISHEHUIDONGDANG,GUOJIAANQUANJIUHUISHOUDAOJIDAWEIXIE。GONGKONGXITONGYICHENGWEIWANGLUOKONGJIANANQUANYUELAIYUEZHONGYAODEXINZHANCHANG。RENMENWEIQUBIEYUCHUANTONGXUNIKONGJIANDEBINGDU,BA“ZHENWANG”CHENGWEI“CHAOJIXUNHANGDAODAN”、“RUANJIANYUANZIDAN”,DENGDENG。

ZI“ZHENWANG”SHIJIANZHIHOU,ZHENDUIGONGKONGXITONGGONGJIDEZHEIZHONG“RUANJIANYUANZIDAN”WEIXIEYUELAIYUEDUO、LIWOMENYEYUELAIYUEJIN,SHENZHIYUANXIANWOMENRENWEIWULIGELIDEGONGKONGXITONGYEWEINENGXINGMIAN:

四川快乐12(1)RU2015NIAN12YUE,BEIRENWEISHIYONGZHUANWANGDEWUKELANYIWANNUO-FULANKEFUSIKEDIQUDIANLIJIANKONGXITONGZAODAO“BlackEnergy”EYIDAIMADEGONGJI。WUKELANXINWENMEITITSNBAODAOCHENG:“ZHISHAOYOUSANGEDIANLIQUYUBEIGONGJI,DAOZHILESHUXIAOSHIDETINGDIANSHIGU”;“GONGJIZHERUQINLEJIANKONGGUANLIXITONG,CHAOGUOYIBANDEDIQUHEBUFENYIWANNUO-FULANKEFUSIKEDIQUDUANDIANJIGEXIAOSHI。”KyivoblenergoDIANLIGONGSIFABUGONGGAOCHENG:“GONGSIYINZAODAORUQIN,DAOZHI7GE110KVDEBIANDIANZHANHE23GE35KVDEBIANDIANZHANCHUXIANGUZHANG,DAOZHI80000YONGHUDUANDIAN。”

四川快乐12(2)2017NIAN6YUE12RI,YIKUANZHENDUIDIANLIBIANDIANZHANXITONGJINXINGEYIGONGJIDEGONGKONGWANGLUOGONGJIWUQIIndustroyerBEIFAXIANDUIWUKELANDIANWANGFAQILEGONGJI。YUBlackEnergyBUTONGDESHI,IndustroyerJUCHENGMEIYOULIYONGRENHELOUDONG,ERSHILIYONGDIANLIXITONGZISHENDEGONGKONGXIEYI,ZHIJIEKONGZHIDUANLUQI,DAOZHIBIANDIANZHANDUANDIAN。

(3)2017NIAN12YUE,YIZHONGZHENDUISHINAIDEDIANQIGONGSIDETriconexANQUANYIBIAOXITONGKONGZHIQI(SIS,SafetyInstrumentSystem)DEEYIRUANJIANTRITONBEIFAXIAN。TRITONJUCHENGNENGXIUGAIANQUANYIBIAOXITONG(SIS)DEBIAOJUEJIZHI,CONGERSHIANQUANBAOHUGONGNENGSHIXIAO。

CIWAI,YOUYUGONGKONGXITONGZAICAOZUORENYUANDEJIEMIANRUANJIANSHIYONGLEWEIRUANCAOZUOXITONG,YINCIZHENDUIHULIANWANG、JISUANJICAOZUOXITONGGONGJIDEBINGDU(RULESUOBINGDUWannaCry)DUIGONGKONGXITONGYEDUODUOSHAOSHAOCHANSHENGLEYIXIEYINGXIANG。

二、我国对工控系统网络安全给予了前所未有的高度重视

四川快乐12ZI2010NIANZHENWANGSHIJIANFASHENGHOU,WOGUOCONGZHONGYANG、GEJIBUMEN,DAOGEDAQIYEDUIGONGYEKONGZHIXITONGWANGLUOANQUANJIYULEQIANSUOWEIYOUDEGAODUZHONGSHI:

(1)CONGGUOJIACENGMIAN,ZHONGYANGBUJINCHENGLILEWANGLUOANQUANYUXINXIHUAWEIYUANHUI,ERQIEXIANHOUFABULE《GUANYUJIAQIANGGONGYEKONGZHIXITONGXINXIANQUANGUANLIDETONGZHI》(GONGXINBUXIE[2011]451HAO)、《GUOWUYUANGUANYUDALITUIJINXINXIHUAFAZHANHEQIESHIBAOZHANGXINXIANQUANDERUOGANYIJIAN(GUOFA〔2012〕23HAO)》DENGWENJIAN,QUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUICHANGWUWEIYUANHUIYEYU2016NIAN11YUE7RIPIZHUNFABULE《WANGLUOANQUANFA》,ZI2017NIAN6YUE1RIQISHIXING,BIAOMINGBAOKUOGONGKONGXITONGWANGLUOANQUANZAINEIDEWANGLUOKONGJIANANQUANYISHANGSHENGDAODANGHEGUOJIA、FALVDEGAODU;

四川快乐12(2)CONGGUOJIAJIGUANZHINENGSHANG,GUOJIAHEDIFANGGEZHINENGJIGUAN、BUMENDOUYIBAGONGKONGANQUANFANGZAISHIFENZHONGYAODEWEIZHI,BUJINCHUTAILEXIANGYINGDEWENJIAN,ERQIEKAIZHANLEGEZHONGXINGSHIDEGONGKONGANQUANPEIXUN、DASAIDENGKEPUHUODONGYIJIDENGJIBAOHUCEPING、ANQUANPINGGU、ANQUANJIANCE、ANQUANJIANCHADENGSHIZHIXINGGONGZUO;

四川快乐12(3)CONGBIAOZHUNCENGMIAN,QUANGUOXINXIANQUANBIAOWEIHUITC260、GONGYECELIANGYUKONGZHIBIAOWEIHUITC124、QUANGUODIANLIXITONGGUANLIJIQIXINXIJIAOHUANBIAOZHUNHUAJISHUWEIYUANHUITC82DENGDOUZAIGONGKONGANQUANLINGYUKAIZHANLEDALIANGGONGZUO,FABULEYIXILIEYUGONGKONGANQUANXIANGGUANDEGUOJIABIAOZHUN、XINGYEBIAOZHUN。2019NIAN5YUE13RI,BAOKUOYUNJISUAN、YIDONGHULIAN、WULIANWANG、GONGYEKONGZHIYIJIDASHUJUANQUANZAINEIDEWANGLUOANQUANDENGJIBAOHU2.0BIAOZHUN(YIXIAJIANCHENGDENGBAO2.0BIAOZHUN)YEZAIZHONGRENQIDAIXIAZHENGSHIFABU,BINGJIANGYU2019NIAN12YUE1RIKAISHISHISHI。

(4)CONGKEYANZUZHISHANG,JIAOYUBUYEXINSHELILEWANGLUOKONGJIANANQUANYIJIXUEKE,GEDAGAOXIAOYEFENFENCHENGLILEXIANGGUANXUEYUANHEZHUANYE。

(5)CONGCHANYEZUZHISHANG,GUOJIAGONGYEXINXIANQUANCHANYEFAZHANLIANMENG,GONGYEKONGZHIXITONGXINXIANQUANCHANYELIANMENG,ZHONGGUOXINXIANQUANJISHUCHANYELIANMENG、ZHONGGUOGONGYEXINXIANQUANLIANMENGDENGFAZHANYEHENXUNMENG。

四川快乐12(6)ZAIJUTILUOSHICENGMIAN,GEGONGYEQIYE,TEBIESHIGEZHONGDIANJICHUSHESHIQIYEWUBUFENFENCHENGLILEZHUANMENDEXINXIANQUANJIGOU,KEJIANQIZHONGSHICHENGDU。

YOUCIKEJIAN,WOGUOYIJIANLIQILEFUGAICONGGUOJIACENGMIAN、FALV、ZHINENGJIGOUZAIDAOKEYAN、BIAOZHUN、CHANYEHEQIYEDENGSUOYOUCENGMIANDEGONGKONGANQUANTIXI,ZUJIANDUIGONGKONGANQUANDEZHONGSHICHENGDU。

三、工控系统面临的安全威胁仍很严峻

四川快乐12DANGQIAN,SUIZHE“LIANGHUARONGHE”DEBUDUANSHENRU,WOGUODIANLIXITONG、SHIYOULIANHUA、SHUILI、CHENGSHIYUGUIDAOJIAOTONG、SHUYOUGUANXIAN、GUOFANGZHUANGBEI、YIJIQITAGONGYONGGONGCHENGRENGZAIDALIANGSHIYONGDEGUOWAIKONGZHIXITONG,HENNANZUODAOYUHULIANWANGWULIGELI;GONGKONGXITONGDEWEIHU、WEIXIUYERENGRANYOUZHEIXIEGONGKONGXITONGDESHENGCHANCHANGSHANGSUOCHENGDAN,YINCIMIANLINDEANQUANXINGSHIYIRANYANJUN:

四川快乐12(1)LAIZIWANGLUODEYUANCHENGGONGJI,RUTONGGUOHULIANWANG、QIYENEIBUWANG、WUXIANWANG,HEIKEHEGONGJIZHEJIUKEYIYUANCHENGDUIGONGKONGXITONGSHISHIGONGJI;

四川快乐12(2)TONGGUOYIDONGJIEZHIDEDAIRUGONGJI,RUYIDONGYINGPAN、UPAN、GUANGPAN、YIDONGZHONGDUANDENG;

(3)YUMAIDAIMADEQIANFUSHIGONGJI,DIANXINGDETUJINGYOUGONGCHENGSHISHISHIDEYUMAI、TONGGUOBEIPINBEIJIANDEYUMAI、TONGGUOWEIXIUWEIHUDAIRUDEYUMAI。

四、工控系统安全的主要威胁是有组织的专业化攻击

CONGJISHUSHANGKAN,GONGKONGXITONGSUOMIANLINDEWANGLUOANQUANWEIXIELAIZIYULIANGGEFANGMIAN:YIGESHICHUANTONGDEWANGLUOANQUANWEIXIE,JILIYONGCAOZUOXITONG、YINGYONGRUANJIANDELOUDONGFAQIDEGONGJIWEIXIE。ZHEILEIWEIXIEZHUYAOSHIZHENDUIJISUANJISUOSHIYONGDEJISUANJICAOZUOXITONGHEYINGYONGRUANJIAN(RUBANGONGRUANJIAN、WANGZHANRUANJIANDENG)DELOUDONG,HUOQUJISUANJICAOZUOQUANXIAN,HUOQIEQUYINSIHUOMINGANXINXI。

四川快乐12LINGYIGEGENGZHONGYAODEANQUANWEIXIELAIYUANYUDUIGONGKONGXITONGJIQISUOKONGZHIDESHENGCHANZHUANGZHI、SHENGCHANGONGYIFEICHANGSHUXIDEYOUZUZHIDEGONGJI。CONGGONGKAIDEZILIAOKEYIFAXIAN,“ZHENWANG”SUIRANLIYONGLECAOZUOXITONGDELOUDONG,DANZHEIXIELOUDONGZHISHIBEIYONGYU“ZHENWANG”DAIMADECHUANBO,QIHEXINDAIMAQUESHILIYONGLEXIMENZIPCS7KONGZHIXITONGHEHESHESHIDETEXING,ERFAQIEYICAOKONG,TONGSHIXIANGCAOZUORENYUANJIEMIANRUANJIANFASONGQIPIANSHUJU。

YOUCIKEJIAN,ZHENDUIGONGKONGXITONGHEXINBUJIANGONGJIDE“HEIKE”CHULEYAOJUYOUYIBANDEJISUANJICAOZUOXITONGHERUANJIANZHISHIWAI,GENGLIYONGLEGONGKONGXITONGBENSHENDERUANJIANYINGJIANTEXINGHETONGXINXIEYI、CAOZUOZHILINGHEJICHUSHESHISHENGCHANZHUANGZHIDERUODIAN,DAOZHIYIBANDEHULIANWANGANQUANJISHURENYUANNANYIFAXIAN,JIJUYOU“GAOZHUANYEXING、GAOYINBIXING、GAOFUZAXING、NANYIBEIFAXIAN、NANYIBEIGENZONG”(JI“SANGAOLIANGNAN”)TEXING。

五、工控系统安全保护挑战比一般信息系统大很多

四川快乐12CONG2010NIANDE“ZHENWANG”SHIJIANZHIJINDEJIN9NIANDUOSHIJIANLI,WOGUOZAISHISHIGONGKONGXITONGWANGLUOANQUANGEXIANGGONGZUODETONGSHI,YEYUDAOLEYUHULIANWANGANQUAN、XINXIXITONGANQUANWANQUANBUTONGDEKUNNANHETIAOZHAN,ZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN:

四川快乐12(1)DUIGONGKONGANQUANDELIJIE,GENGDUOHAITINGLIUZAIHULIANWANGANQUANHEXIEYICENGMIAN

YUHULIANWANGXITONG、XINXIXITONGXIANGBI,GONGKONGXITONGDADUOSHIYOUCHUANGANQI、KONGZHIZHUANGZHI、ZHIXINGJIGOUDENGDUOHUANJIEGOUCHENGDEBIHUANXITONG,QIJIANKONGRUANJIANYESHIGONGCAOZUOYUANJINXINGGONGKUANGJIANSHIHEJIANDANDECAOZUO,GONGKONGXIEYIYONGYUCHUANSHUSHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGDESHUJU。YINCI,GONGKONGXITONGDEWANGLUOANQUANXUYAOCONGYISHANGSUOYOUYAOSUYIJISHENGCHANZHUANGZHIBENSHENJINXINGZONGHEDEKAOLV。

四川快乐12(2)DUIGONGKONGANQUANEYIDAIMAGONGJIYUANLIHEJIZHIDELEJIEYOUXIAN

RUJIN,GEZHONGGONGKAIBAODAO、WEIBODENGGEZHONGSHEJIAOMEITIWENJIAN,YIJIXUDUOWENZHANG、BAOGAODUIGONGKONGANQUANSHIJIANDEBAODAOJIAODUO、JISHUXINGFENXIJIAOSHAO;DUIGONGKONGANQUANWANGLUOBUFENWEIXIEDEXUANRANJIAODUO,DUIGONGKONGNEIBUDEWEIXIEFENXIJIAOSHAO;DUICAOZUOXITONG“LOUDONG”JIESHAOJIAODUO,DUIGONGKONGXITONGZISHENRUANYINGJIANLOUDONGFENXIJIAOSHAO;DUICAOZUOXITONG、YOUJIANDENGDELOUDONGLIYONGJIESHAOJIAODUO,DUIYUGONGKONGEYIDAIMA“ZHANGSHENMEYANG,SHENMESHIHOULAI,SHENMESHIHOUCHUFA,RUHECHUFA,SHENMESHIHOULIKAI”DENGJISHUWENTI,YANJIUJIAOSHAO,DAOZHIGONGKONGANQUANGONGZUODEKAIZHANNANYISHENRU。

四川快乐12(3)DANGQIANGONGKONGANQUANFANGHUCUOSHIHECHANPINDEYOUXIAOXINGYOUDAIJIANYAN

DANGQIAN,WULUNSHIZHENDUIGONGKONGXITONGDEANQUANDENGJIBAOHUCEPING、ANQUANPINGGU、ANQUANJIANCE、ANQUANJIANCHA,HAISHIGEZHONGGONGKONGANQUANCHANPIN,SUIRANXINGSHIDUOYANG,DANQIYOUXIAOXINGHAIYUANWEIDEDAOYONGHUDERENKE,YOUQISHIZHENDUIGONGKONGXITONGZHONGDUANSHEBEIMIANLINDEANQUANWEIXIE,“DUICUOLEZHENG、XIACUOLEYAO”DEWENTIZHIJINHAIWEIZHENZHENGDEDAOJIEJUE。

(4)GONGKONGANQUANDEBIAOZHUNNANYIZAIGONGKONGXITONGZHONGDUANLUODI

DANGQIAN,GUANYUGONGKONGANQUANDEBIAOZHUNYIYOUHENDUO,RUIEC62443GUOJIBIAOZHUN(MEIGUOGUOJIZIDONGHUAXIEHUIISADEISA99)、MEIGUONISTFABUDESP-800.53,YIJIWOGUODEDENGBAO2.0BIAOZHUNGB/T22239-2019《XINXIANQUANJISHUWANGLUOANQUANDENGJIBAOHUJIBENYAOQIU》DENG。DANZAISHISHIGUOCHENGZHONG,MIANDUIYUNXINGZHONGDEGONGKONGXITONG(YOUQISHIQIHEXINBUJIANDEKONGZHIQI)SHI,HAIHUIYUDAO“PENGBUDE、MOBUDE”DEGANGA。

四川快乐12(5)GONGKONGANQUANDESHISHINANYIDEDAOGONGKONGSHEBEISHENGCHANCHANGSHANGDEPEIHE

GONGKONGXITONGBUTONGYUHULIANWANGXITONG、XINXIXITONG,BUJINYAOBAOZHENGSHENGCHANGUOCHENGANGONGYISHEJIYAOQIUYUNXINGZAIYUDINGDEGONGKUANG,TONGSHIHAIYAOBIMIANANQUANSHIGUDEFASHENG。HUANYANZHI,GONGKONGXITONGDESHENGCHANCHANGSHANG、JICHENGCHANGSHANGBUJINYAODUISHENGCHANGUOCHENGDELIANXUXING、KEKAOXINGFUZE,HAIXUYAODUISHENGCHANDEANQUANFUZE。ZHEISHICHUANTONGXINXIANQUANCHANGSHANGHEANQUANCHANPINNANYIZUODAODE。

六、工控系统安全需要注意避免的几个误区

RUSHANGSUOSHU,GONGKONGXITONGDEWANGLUOANQUANXUYAOWEIRAOKONGZHIXITONGBENSHENYUSHENGCHANZHUANGZHIANQUANKAIZHAN,ZAISHIJIANZHONG,YAOZHUYIBIMIANYIXIAJIGEWUQU:

四川快乐12(1)GUOYUQIANGDIAOJIYULOUDONGSAOMIAODEANQUANFANGHU

四川快乐12RUQIANSUOSHU,GONGKONGXITONGSHEJIKAIFAGONGCHENGSHIGUANZHUDESHIRUHESHICHANPINGENGKEKAO、KEYONGXINGGENGGAO,SUOKAIFADEKONGZHISUANFARUHESHIBEIKONGDUIXIANGGENGWENDING、DUIWAIJIEGANRAODELUBANGXINGGENGGAO,DUIWANGLUOANQUANGUANZHUJIAOSHAO,YINCIQIRUANJIAN、YINGJIANDOUCUNZAIZHEZHEIYANGHUONEIYANGDELOUDONG。

四川快乐12RANER,MUQIANSHICHANGLIUTONGDELOUDONGSAOMIAOCHANPINJINJINNENGFAXIANYINFAGONGKONGXITONGYICHU、DANGJIDELOUDONG,ERXIANG“ZHENWANG”、Industroyer、TRITONNEIYANGSUONENGLIYONGDELOUDONG,TONGGUOCHUANTONGDESHOUDUANHAINANYIFAXIAN。

四川快乐12(2)GUOYUQIANGDIAOBUDINGSHENGJIGUANLI

四川快乐12ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,YOUYUGONGKONGXITONGDERUANJIANYINGJIANZHIJIANDEOUHEFEICHANGJINMI,SHIYONGLEDALIANGFEISIYOUDEXIEYI、JISHUHEGONGNENGMOKUAI,YIDANMEIYOUJINGGUOYANGECESHIERJIXITONGDABUDINGHUOZHEBANBENGENGXIN,QINGZEDAOZHILANPING、ZHONGZEDAOZHIZHEIXIEZUTAIJIANKONGRUANJIANBUZAIKEYONG;ERGONGKONGXITONGDEZHONGQISHIYIGEJIQIFUZADEGUOCHENG,YIDANBUSHEN,JIYIDAOZHISHENGCHANZHONGDUAN、HUOYINSHENGCHANSHEBEIGONGYIBUPIPEIERDAOZHIZHUANGZHISUNHUI。

YINCI,DUIYUYIXIEZHONGYAO、YOUQISHIHEXINJICHUSHESHIDEGONGKONGXITONG,DABUDING、RUANJIANBANBENGENGXINBIXUSHENZHIYOUSHEN!

(3)GUOYUYILAIGONGKONGXITONGDEGELIANQUAN

四川快乐12RUQIANSUOSHU,SUIZHE“LIANGHUARONGHE”DEBUDUANTUIJIN,SHENGCHANXITONGYUGUANLIXITONGDEHULIANYIJINGCHENGWEIGONGKONGXITONGDEJIBENJIAGOU,YUWAIJIEWANQUANGELIJIHUBUKENENG。LINGWAI,WEIHUYONGDEYIDONGSHEBEIHUOYIDONGDIANNAO、BEIPINBEIJIAN,DOUKENENGCHENGWEIDAIMADAIRUDEGONGJU。“ZHENWANG”JUSHUOJIUSHILIYONGUPANDAIRUDE。

四川快乐12(4)GUOYUGAOGUGONGYEFANGHUOQIANGDENGCHUANTONGFANGHUCHANPINDEZUOYONG

四川快乐12CONGMUQIANGONGKONGXITONGDESHIJILAIKAN,GONGKONGXITONGCHULETAZHICHIDESIYOUXIEYIHEGONGKAIZHUANYONGXIEYIZHIWAI,QITASUOYOUDEXIEYIDOUHUIBEIGUOLV,BUHUIBEICHULI。HUANYANZHI,GONGKONGXITONGYIBANDOUJUBEILEYIBANFANGHUOQIANGDENENGLI。CONGZHEIGEYIYISHANGKAN,MUQIANSHICHANGSHANGSUOWEIDEGONGYEFANGHUOQIANG,YEJINJINQIDAOYINGFUJIANCHADEZIWOANWEIZUOYONG。

四川快乐12(5)GUOYUYILAIDANXIANGTONGXINGELIZHUANGZHI

四川快乐12RUSHANGSUOSHU,ZHENDUIGONGKONGXITONGDEGONGJITUJINGYOUDUOZHONG,YOUTONGGUOWANGLUOYUANCHENGSHISHIDE,YOUTONGGUOWUXIANJIERUDE,GENGYOUTONGGUOYIDONGJIEZHI、GONGCHENGSHISHIYUWEIBAOYUMAI、BEIPINBEIJIANYUMAIDENGTUJING,DANXIANGTONGXINGELIZHUANGZHIYEZHINENGQIDAOYIBUFENZUOYONG。

七、工业系统的网络安全保护必须覆盖工控系统本身、生产工艺与操作流程等所有方面

CONGJUTISHIJIANLAIJIANG,DUIGONGKONGXITONGDEWANGLUOANQUANFANGHUHEBAOHUXUYAOCONGYIXIAJIGECENGMIANZONGHEKAOLV:

四川快乐12DIYICENG,DUIGONGKONGXITONGDEWANGLUOANQUANFANGHUHEBAOHU,XUYAOFUGAIGONGKONGXITONGRUANJIAN、YINGJIANHEWANGLUODENGSUOYOUBUJIAN。

DIERCENG,DUIGONGKONGXITONGDEWANGLUOANQUANFANGHUHEBAOHU,XUYAOJIEHESHENGCHANGONGYIYUCAOZUOLIUCHENGERKAIZHAN。

DISANCENG,ZHENDUIGONGKONGXITONGDEWANGLUOANQUANFANGHUHEBAOHU,HAIBIXUFUGAIGONGKONGXITONGDESHEJI、SHENGCHAN、DIAOSHI、GONGCHENGSHISHI、WEIXIU、YUNXINGWEIHUDENGQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQIDESUOYOUHUANJIE。

四川快乐12GONGKONGXITONGDEWANGLUOANQUANFANGHUHEBAOHUSHIYIGEJIQIFUZADEXITONGGONGCHENG,XUYAOHUIGUIKONGZHIXITONGDECHUXIN、HUIGUIKONGZHIXITONGDEBENZHI,CONGGONGKONGXITONGDERUANJIAN、YINGJIAN、WANGLUOYIJISHENGCHANGONGYI、SHENGCHANLIUCHENG、SHENGCHANZHUANGZHIDENGDUOFANGMIANTONGSHIZHESHOU,CAINENGZHENZHENGYOUXIAODEDUIGUOJIAZHONGYAOJICHUSHESHIANQUANJINXINGBAOHU。

 


 
标签: 工控系统
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① FANBENWANGZHUMING"LAIYUAN:DIANQICHUANDONGWANG"DESUOYOUZUOPIN,JUNYOUBENWANGBIANJISOUJIZHENGLI,BINGJIARUDALIANGGERENDIANPING、GUANDIAN、PEITUDENGNEIRONG,BANQUANJUNSHUYUZHONGGUODIANQICHUANDONG,WEIJINGBENWANGXUKE,JINZHIZHUANZAI,WEIFANZHEBENWANGJIANGZHUIJIUXIANGGUANFALVZEREN。

② BENWANGZHUANZAIBINGZHUMINGZIQITALAIYUANDEZUOPIN,MUDEZAIYUCHUANDIGENGDUOXINXI,BINGBUDAIBIAOBENWANGZANTONGQIGUANDIANHUOZHENGSHIQINEIRONGDEZHENSHIXING,BUCHENGDANCILEIZUOPINQINQUANXINGWEIDEZHIJIEZERENJILIANDAIZEREN。QITAMEITI、WANGZHANHUOGERENCONGBENWANGZHUANZAISHI,BIXUBAOLIUBENWANGZHUMINGDEZUOPINLAIYUAN,BINGZIFUBANQUANDENGFALVZEREN。

四川快乐12③ RUSHEJIZUOPINNEIRONG、BANQUANDENGWENTI,QINGZAIZUOPINFABIAOZHIRIQIYIZHOUNEIYUBENWANGLIANXI,WOMENJIANGZAININLIANXIWOMENZHIHOU24XIAOSHINEIYUYISHANCHU,FOUZESHIWEIFANGQIXIANGGUANQUANLI。

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