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大力发展工业互联网,夯实产业数字化转型新基础

   日期:2020-09-13     浏览:41    评论:0    
核心提示:我国经济发展进入新阶段,推进经济社会各行业、各领域加速数字化转型,既是应对当前经济困境、助力实现“六稳”和“六保”目标的重要抓手,更是未来相当长时期实现经济持续增长的重要保障。工业互联网作为支撑数字化转型的关键基础和培育壮大增长新动能的主要驱动力量,其地位和重要性毋庸置疑。国家层面应进一步加强对工业互联网的统筹部署,引导产业各方协同联动,积极构建高水平供需动态平衡的产业生态,为工业互联网发展和应用渗透营造更加有利的环境,推动数字化转型迈上新台阶,促进经济高质量发展。

引言

当前,受突如其来的新冠肺炎疫情影响,经济下行压力加大,为有效应对挑战、化解经济颓势,各产业数字化转型的进程不仅不能停滞,还应更大范围、更大力度加速推进。工业互联网作为新一代信息技术与制造业融合的产物,在推动各产业数字化转型方面具有不可替代的作用,不仅能为各行业数字化转型提供新型基础设施支撑,还能不断盘活新要素、催生新业态、培育新动能,推动数字经济做大做强。为此,要利用好工业互联网这一推动数字化转型的利器,通过大力发展工业互联网,提高支撑数字化转型的基础设施的供给质量,加速工业互联网在各产业的突破应用,培育壮大有利于促进数字化转型的生态,推动经济社会更高质量、更有效率、更加公平、更可持续的发展。

大力发展工业互联网,夯实产业数字化转型新基础

数字化转型是应对新挑战、培育新动能的核心方案

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全球经济将面临更大不确定性

当前,全球经济面临着内生动力不足、新冠肺炎疫情双重冲击,主要国家与经济体的经济增长遭受巨大影响。新冠肺炎疫情爆发前,发达经济体相对强劲的经济增长伴随着明显的通货膨胀率上升趋势,新兴经济体和发展中经济体经济整体下行压力持续显现。国际贸易和跨境投资作为世界经济增长重要动能的影响作用逐渐弱化,据经济合作与发展组织(OECD)的统计,2019年全球外商直接投资(FDI)约为1.3 万亿美元,虽较2018年有所回暖但仍处于2009年以来的低位水平。随着新冠肺炎疫情在全球范围内的爆发,商品生产、人员与货物流通全面受阻的状况将长久存在,经济运行遭受到来自消费和生产两端的巨大压力,全球经济出现衰退趋势几成定局。此外,美国政府在“史上最长扩张时期” 连续多年的“顺周期” 宏观刺激政策,不仅将2019年政府财政赤字 推升至GDP的4.6%,达到2008年世界金融危机以来最高水平;同时还将个人所得税率的最高档从39.6%降为35%、企业税率从 35%降为21%。这种行为不仅加剧了其本土资本市场的泡沫,更使得政府在遭受疫情冲击时缺乏有效可施的财政刺激计策。面对如此严峻的疫情形势,美国只能不断通过“超发”“甩锅”等方式应对风险、平息压力。这也为世界经济的复苏与增长增添了更多不确定性。

我国制造业承压将日益加剧

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数字化转型成为应对新挑战的关键之举

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工业互联网是实现数字化转型的关键支撑

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工业互联网为数字化转型注入源源不断的数据资源

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工业互联网为数字化转型提供新型基础设施支撑

数据的搜集、传输、整理、使用以及反馈都需要网络与平台作为物理载体。特别是随着工业、交通、能源、农业等生产性领域数字计划进程的加快,对网络和平台的功能、性能、可靠性等提出更高要求。工业互联网一方面通过构建低时延、高可靠、广覆盖的网络体系,能够支撑实现人机物万物互联,打通数据流动管道,有效满足各行业数字化转型在智能感知、网络连接等方面的需求;另一方面,通过构建计算能力弹性供给、灵活承载各类应用的平台体系,能够支撑开展数据深度分析与智能决策,开发部署满足不同细分领域、不同场景的应用软件或工业APP,促进生产与服务资源在更大范围内精准配置四川快乐12,生产运营过程更加智能、高效。如某电子产品制造商,依托工业互联网将分布在各处的各类设备和工业传感器等连接起来,解决了设备联网上云、设备智能管理与分析、数据快速提取及互通等问题,为生产设计、生产执行、生产服务等环节提供了一整套数据采集处理解决方案,使设备管理效率大幅提升,整体设备维保费用降低15%,设备寿命延长10%,产线生产效率提升10%。

工业互联网为数字化转型提供现实可行的实施路径

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大力提升工业互联网赋能数字化转型的能力

四川快乐12DANGQIAN,DEYIYUGUOJIAQIANGYOULIDEYINDAOHECHANYEGEFANGDEGONGTONGNULI,WOGUOGONGYEHULIANWANGQUDEJIJIJINZHAN,ZAITUIJINZHIZAOYEJIQITACHANYESHUZIHUAZHUANXINGFANGMIANFAHUIZHERIYIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。DANYOUYUWOGUOGONGYEHULIANWANGZHENGTISHANGRENGCHUYUFAZHANCHUJIJIEDUAN,QIEGEXINGYEGELINGYUQIYESHUZIHUAJICHUZHENGTIPIANRUO,GONGYEHULIANWANGDUIGECHANYEDEFUNENG、FUZHIZUOYONGFAHUIDESHANGBUCHONGFEN。XUYAOJIXUYINDAOHEJUJIGEFANGLILIANGJIANHAO、YONGHAOGONGYEHULIANWANGZHEIYITUIDONGSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDELIQI,JIJITANSUOSHIHEGECHANYEDELIYONGGONGYEHULIANWANGCUSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEFANGFAHELUJING,JIAQIANGGONGYEHULIANWANGNENGLIJIANSHE,SHENHUAGONGYEHULIANWANGZAIGEXINGYEDEYINGYONG,WANSHANRONGHEYINGYONGDAHUANJING,WUSHIGAOXIAODITUIJINGECHANYEZHUANXINGSHENGJI,TUIDONGJINGJISHEHUIGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN。

工业互联网支撑数字化转型面临的主要挑战

从支撑能力看,工业互联网融合创新发展能力相对不足,制约赋能水平发挥。在网络方面,企业外网络目前主要依托于面向消费需求的公众互联网,企业内网改造尚未规模推进,特别是5G目前只是在部分地区和行业部署,使得整体上仍难以完全满足工业生产对网络高可靠性、高安全性和低时延性的要求。在平台方面,虽然我国已涌现出一大批工业互联网平台企业,但平台的技术水平和生态整合能力等普遍偏弱,面向各子领域提供针对性工业互联网解决方案的服务提供商更是欠缺。在安全防护方面,安全监管和制度体系尚不健全,安全态势感知、预警、防御等技术能力亟待提升。此外,支撑工业互联网发展的核心技术与产业能力有待加强,芯片、操作系统、工业软件等产业链关键环节与国外差距较大,工业机理模型和核心算法能力较弱,5G、区块链、人工智能、数字孪生等新兴技术与工业互联网的融合创新及产业化仍处在探索初期,这些直接影响工业互联网供给能力和水平的提升。

四川快乐12CONGYINGYONGJICHUKAN,QIYESHUZIHUAJICHUHENENGLIBORUO,ZHIYUEGUIMOHUATUIJIN。YIFANGMIAN,WOGUOGONGYEQIYESHUZIHUAJICHUZHENGTIJIAORUO,DADUOCHUYUGONGYE 2.0HE3.0JIEDUANZHIJIAN,YINGYONGGONGYEHULIANWANGDEBIYAOTIAOJIANYOUQIANQUE。TEBIESHISHULIANGZHONGDUODEZHONGXIAOQIYE,GENGXUTOURUDALIANGZIYUANDUISHEBEIHENEIWANGDENGJINXINGGAIZAO,CAINENGBUSHUYINGYONGGONGYEHULIANWANG。LINGYIFANGMIAN,GONGYEQIYEYINGYONGGONGYEHULIANWANGDEPEITAORENCAIHEZIYUANZHURUNENGLIZHUNBEIBUZU,QIYEYAOSHIJILIYONGGONGYEHULIANWANGXUYAOJILEJIEGONGYEYOUDONGHULIANWANGDEFUHEXINGRENCAI,CAINENGXIEZHUFUWUTIGONGSHANGJIANGGONGYEHULIANWANGQIANTAODAOQIYESHENGCHANYUNYINGZHONG;HAIXUYAOTOURUYIDINGDEZIJINZHICHIQIANQIGAIZAOHECHIXUYUNZHUAN,ZHEIDUIZHENGTIYINGLINENGLIBUQIANGHECONGSHICHUANTONGZHIZAOYESHENGCHANDEQIYELAISHUOSHIBUXIAODETIAOZHAN。

四川快乐12CONGZHENGTIHUANJINGKAN,RONGHEFAZHANHEYINGYONGSHANGQUEFABIYAODEBAOZHANGHEZHICHENG,ZHIYUESHENGTAITIXILIANGXINGFAZHAN。YIFANGMIAN,XIANGGUANDEANQUANHEXINRENJIZHIBUWANSHAN,GONGYEHULIANWANGDESHENTOUYINGYONGJINYIBUKUOZHANLEANQUANDENEIHANHEBIANJIE,YINFAQIYEDUISHENGCHANYUNYINGANQUANGENGDUODEDANYOU,TONGSHIYEYINQUANMIANLIANJIEJIADASHUJUANQUANFENGXIAN,ERYUCIXIANGYINGDESHUJUQUEQUAN、LIUZHUANDENGGUIZESHANGWEIJIANLI,DAOZHIDALIANGQIYEZAISHIFOUYINGYONGGONGYEHULIANWANGSHANGJUQIBUDING。LINGYIFANGMIAN,QUEFAWANSHANDEGONGGONGFUWUPINGTAIHEFUWU,KUAJIERONGHESHIGONGYEHULIANWANGFAZHANHEYINGYONGDENEIZAIYAOYI,DUIGONGXUDUIJIE、ZIYUANGONGXIANG、YAOSUXIETONGDENGYOUGENGGAODEYAOQIU,MUQIANYUZHIXIANGGUANDEGONGGONGFUWUPINGTAISHULIANGYOUXIAN,FUWUNENGLISHANGWUFAQUANMIANZHICHENGFAZHANSUOXU。CIWAI,SHANGWEITANSUOCHUKECHIXUDESHANGYEMOSHI,YOUYUGONGYEQIYEXUQIUCHAYIDA,GONGJIFANGWUFATUICHUBIAOZHUNHUA、TONGYONGHUADEGONGYEHULIANWANGJIEJUEFANGAN,ZHEITONGSHIYEDAOZHIXUQIUFANGWUFAYIDIJIAHUODEGAOZHIDEZHENDUIXINGFUWU,YANHUANGONGXULIANGXINGHUCUJUMIANDEXINGCHENG。

利用工业互联网促数字化转型的关键着力点

YISHIYAOJIAKUAIGONGYEHULIANWANGGONGJITIXIJIANSHE,TISHENGCUSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEZHICHENGNENGLI。JIASUGOUZHURENJIWUHULIANDEJICHUSHESHI、DATONGQUANCHANYELIANSHUJUTONGDAO,TIGONGGENGWEIFENGFUDEYINGYONGJIEJUEFANGAN,HANGSHIGECHANYESHUZIHUA、WANGLUOHUA、ZHINENGHUAFAZHANDEJICHU。ZHONGDIANYAOJIAKUAIGONGYEHULIANWANGNEIWAIWANGJIANSHEHEGAIZAOBUFA,TUIDONG“5G+GONGYEHULIANWANG”512GONGCHENGLUODISHISHI,KUODABIAOSHIJIEXIERJIJIEDIANJIANSHEFUGAICHENGSHIHEXINGYE;MIANXIANGXINGYE、QUYUHEQIYEXUQIUPEIYUZHUANGDADUOCENGCIGONGYEHULIANWANGPINGTAITIXI,JIAKUAIGUOJIAJIGONGYEHULIANWANGDASHUJUZHONGXINHESHENGJI/XINGYEFENZHONGXINJIANSHE,BINGJIEHEBIANYUANJISUAN、YUNJISUANHEQUKUAILIANDENGFAZHAN,TISHENGSHUJUDELIANJIE、HUTONG、CUNCHUHEJISUANNENGLI;TONGBUWANSHANDUOCENGCIFUGAI、DUOGONGNENGBAOZHANGDEANQUANJISHUFANGKONGTIXI,JIAKUAITUIJINGUOJIAGONGYEHULIANWANGANQUANTAISHIGANZHIHEFENGXIANYUJINGNENGLIJIANSHE,GOUZHUGENGJIAANQUAN、KEKAODEBAOZHANGTIXI。TONGSHI,HAIYINGJIASUTONGCHOUBUJUGONGYEHULIANWANGQIANYANJISHU、JICHUJISHU、GUANJIANGONGXINGJISHUHERONGHEYINGYONGJISHUDEYANFAJICHANYEHUA,YINDAOCHANYELIANGEFANGJIAKUAIBUQICHANYELIANTIAOSHANGDEDUANBAN,TUIDONGJISHUHEYINGYONGCHUANGXINSHIXIANQUNTIXINGTUPO,QIANGHUAGONGYEHULIANWANGZISHENCHIXUFAZHANNENGLI,JINERWEICUSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGTIGONGCHIJIUDONGLI。

二是要拓展工业互联网融合应用广度和深度,加快和提升促数字化转型的进程和水平。重点是面向制造业及各行业高端化发展需要,加大工业互联网在更大范围、更宽领域、更深层次的渗透,以规模化市场应用牵引带动制造业产业链整体水平的快速提升。一方面,要面向离散工业、流程工业、生产性服务业等各个垂直行业的数字化转型需求,以及大中小企业转型升级的不同痛点难点,加快形成可复制可推广可持续发展的应用路径与业务模式,加强培训与宣贯,拓展应用行业和场景;另一方面,依托工业互联网产业示范基地、试点示范等抓手,探索形成更多助力企业提质增效、转型升级的工业互联网解决方案,特别是开发更多适应中小企业需求的工业APP或适用型解决方案。通过构建产业供给资源池、政府采购服务等方式降低工业互联网应用成本,突破应用普及瓶颈。同时,要引导企业特别是中小企业加快生产装备的数字化升级,筑牢应用工业互联网的前提和基础。

SANSHIYAOYOUHUAGONGYEHULIANWANGYINGYONGTUIGUANGDEZHIDUHEYAOSUBAOZHANG,GOUJIANCUSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDELIANGXINGSHENGTAI。JIAKUAIZHIDINGXIANGGUANGUIZEHEZHIDU,DAJIANGONGXUDONGTAIPINGHENG、YAOSUGAOXIAOXIETONGDESHICHANGHUANJING,SAOQINGGONGYEHULIANWANGCUSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEZHANGAI。YIFANGMIAN,YAOQIANGHUAZIJIN、SHUJUHERENCAIDENGYAOSUBAOZHANG。TUIDONGXINGCHENGDUOYUANHUAZIJINZHICHITIXI,CHONGFENFAHUIZHENGFUJIJIN、CHANYETOUZIJIJINDENGDEYINDAOZUOYONG,GULIJINRONGCHANPINHEFUWUCHUANGXIN,DALIFAZHAN“GONGYEHULIANWANGPINGTAI+JINRONG/BAOXIAN”DENGJINRONGFUWU,TUOZHANCHANYELIANSHENGJIDEZIJINLAIYUAN;JIAKUAIZHIDINGSHUJUQUEQUAN、LIUZHUAN、JIAOYI、BAOHUDENGGUIZE,TUIDONGJINKUAIXINGCHENGJIANKANG、YOUXUDESHUJUYAOSUSHICHANG;DAZAODUOCENGCIGONGYEHULIANWANGRENCAITIDUI,TONGGUOZHONGDARENCAIGONGCHENGXIANGMU、XIAOQILIANDONGDENGFANGSHIDUOTUJINGJIAQIANGRENCAIPEIYUHECHUBEI,TEBIESHIYAOJIADAMIANXIANGGECHUIZHIXINGYEDEGONGYEHULIANWANGYINGYONGPEIXUNLIDU。LINGYIFANGMIAN,YAOJIADAGONGGONGFUWUGONGJIFANWEI。ZHELIDAZAOMIANXIANGZHONGXIAOQIYEDEGONGYEHULIANWANGGONGXINGJISHUPINGTAIHEGONGGONGFUWUPINGTAI,YOUQIYAOTUIDONGCHUANGXINZIYUANJUJIGONGXIANG,JIASUCHUANGXINKEJICHENGGUOZHUANYIZHUANHUA;JIAQIANGGONGYEHULIANWANGLONGTOUQIYEHUOBIAOGANQIYEPEIYANG,PEIYUYIPIMIANXIANGCHUIZHIXINGYEDEGONGYEHULIANWANGZONGHEJIEJUEFANGANGONGYINGSHANG。

结束语

WOGUOJINGJIFAZHANJINRUXINJIEDUAN,TUIJINJINGJISHEHUIGEXINGYE、GELINGYUJIASUSHUZIHUAZHUANXING,JISHIYINGDUIDANGQIANJINGJIKUNJING、ZHULISHIXIAN“LIUWEN”HE“LIUBAO”MUBIAODEZHONGYAOZHUASHOU,GENGSHIWEILAIXIANGDANGZHANGSHIQISHIXIANJINGJICHIXUZENGZHANGDEZHONGYAOBAOZHANG。GONGYEHULIANWANGZUOWEIZHICHENGSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGDEGUANJIANJICHUHEPEIYUZHUANGDAZENGZHANGXINDONGNENGDEZHUYAOQUDONGLILIANG,QIDIWEIHEZHONGYAOXINGWUYONGZHIYI。GUOJIACENGMIANYINGJINYIBUJIAQIANGDUIGONGYEHULIANWANGDETONGCHOUBUSHU,YINDAOCHANYEGEFANGXIETONGLIANDONG,JIJIGOUJIANGAOSHUIPINGGONGXUDONGTAIPINGHENGDECHANYESHENGTAI,WEIGONGYEHULIANWANGFAZHANHEYINGYONGSHENTOUYINGZAOGENGJIAYOULIDEHUANJING,TUIDONGSHUZIHUAZHUANXINGMAISHANGXINTAIJIE,CUJINJINGJIGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN。

 
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