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机器主宰工厂这件事,远比你想的近

   日期:2020-09-18     浏览:32    评论:0    
核心提示:充满金属气息的流水线上,十几个机械手齐齐舞动,霎时间火花四溅——是最典型的现代化汽车生产画面,经常会被电视作为高科技的代表播出的那种。

CHONGMANJINSHUQIXIDELIUSHUIXIANSHANG,SHIJIGEJIXIESHOUQIQIWUDONG,SHASHIJIANHUOHUASIJIAN——SHIZUIDIANXINGDEXIANDAIHUAQICHESHENGCHANHUAMIAN,JINGCHANGHUIBEIDIANSHIZUOWEIGAOKEJIDEDAIBIAOBOCHUDENEIZHONG。

机器主宰工厂这件事,远比你想的近

以奥迪在德国的内卡苏尔姆组厂为例,就拥有超过2500个工业机器人,其中有900个专门负责点焊作业,每天总共要处理超过1000台商用车,每台汽车的点焊大概有5000个,算下来这些点焊总共多达500万个。

ZHEIMEDUOJIQIJIAGONGDEDIANHAN,RUHEQUEBAOZHILIANG?YUSHANGXIAFEIWUDEJIQIRENHANJIECHANGMIANBUTONG,JIANCHADEGUOCHENGKANQILAIQUEHEN“BEN”:MEITIANJIANGYILIANGQICHESONGDAO18WEIGONGCHENGSHIDESHOUSHANG,YONGCHAOSHENGBOTANCEYIDIANYIDIANJIANCHAHANJIEDEZHILIANG。

四川快乐12RUCIXIANMINGDEDUIBI,QIAQIATIXIANLEZHIZAOYECHUANTONGHEWEILAIDENEITIAO“FENGEXIAN”。

全球车企都头疼的问题,是这样被解决的

ZHISUOYIAODIHUIXUANZE1000TAIZHIZHONGZHICHOU1TAI,BINGBUYIWEIZHERENMENDUIYUJIQIJIAGONGDEWANQUANXINREN,ERSHIJIANCHADECHENGBENSHIZAITAIGAO。1TAICHEJIUYAO18GEZHUANJIA,NEI1000TAICHEQIBUSHIXUYAO18000MINGZHUANJIA。

四川快乐12ZAICHILUOLUODESHUZIMIANQIAN,RENMENZHINENGXUANZETOURUGENGDUOQIANQIJIANSHE、WEIHUZHENGGEJIAGONGGUOCHENGDEWENDINGXING,ZHEIYESHIWEISHENMEGONGCHANGZHONGJINGCHANGYOUZAOJIAANGGUI(SHUBAIWAN、SHUQIANWAN)、HENGWENHENGSHIFANGZHENDEJIAGONGHUANJING。

LINGWAIYIFANGMIAN,YOUQISHIXIANGDIANHANZHEIYANGJIAGONGSHULIANGZHONGDUODEJIAGONGXIANGMU,JIQIBINGMEIYOUDAJIAXIANGXIANGZHONGDE“KAOPU”,JIASHEMEICIDIANHANJIAGONGDESHIWULVJINWEISHIWANFENZHIYI,DANYITAICHE5000GEJIAGONGDIANSUANXIALAI,RENGYOU5%ZUOYOUDEGAILVHUICHUXIANSHIWU。

现实中的数据也很能说明问题,根据市场监管总局今年3月公布的数据,2019年因为车身质量问题,中国就召回了33万辆乘用车。这个数字在全年超2000万台乘用车的总销量中看起来只算很小一部分,但足以证明传统汽车制造业在经过上百年的不断进化之后,仍存在比较明显的”天花板“。

四川快乐12QICHEZHIZAOJISHUHENENGLIZHIBU”TIANHUABAN“,ZAIJIASHANGDAHUANJINGYINSUDEYINGXIANG,RANGZHENGGEQICHEZHIZAOYETIAOZHANZHONGZHONG。QUNIANNIANDI,YIZAIMEIGUOJIANCHANGDEFUYAOBOLIWEICAIFANGDUIXIANGDENetflixJILUPIAN《MEIGUOGONGCHANG》,ZAIZHONGGUOHULIANWANGSHANGBAOHONG,YINFALEGUANGFANDETAOLUN。

PAOKAIZHONGMEIWENHUA、QIYEGUANLIZHIDUZHEIXIEZUIREDEHUATI,QISHITAHENHAODIZHANXIANLEQUANQIUQICHEZHIZAOYEDANGXIAMIANLINDEYIBUFENKUNJING——ZHIZAOYERENGONGCHENGBENBUZAIXIANGZHIQIANNEIMERONGYIXIAJIANG,JIQIRENJISHUBUSHIYONGYUSUOYOUCHANGJING、ERQIEZAISHENGCHANLIZHIWAIYEDAILAILEXINDETIAOZHAN。

开篇中奥迪所面临的问题就非常典型,好在奥迪在一位神秘伙伴“神秘伙伴”的帮助下很快找到了解决方法:在加工过程中引入全新测量的数值,通过机器学习四川快乐12训练算法,形成一整套全新的质量判定标准,边加工边做质量检查。

ZHEIGEJIEJUEFANGFATINGQILAIJIANDAN,DANNEIZAIDECHUANGXINSHIZAIBUSHAO,YIXINZENGDESHUJUWEILI:GONGYEJIQIRENSHIZHINENGHUADE,YIWANGDEZHILIANGJIANCESHUJUWANGWANGLAIZITA,LIRUDIANHANGUOCHENGZHONGWEIZHISHIFOUJINGZHUN,JIQIRENSHIFOUYUNDONGCHUXIANGUZHANGDENGDENG。

相对应的,实际完成焊接动作的焊枪,却是非数字化的,第一步改造的重点就是为这些焊枪加上控制器,并且接入网络。

四川快乐12CHULEHANQIANGZHIWAI,JIEJUEFANGANZHONGHAIYINRULEHANFENGPEIZHI、HANJIEJINSHULEIXING、HANTIAOJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGDENGSHUJU,BINGLIYONGAIZUIZHONGZHAOCHUXIAYIBUJIUSHIZHAOCHUGUILV——RUHECAINENGQUEBAOHANJIEDEZHILIANG。

从焊枪中收集而来的数据,与焊接后的人工检查数据被一同输入计算机,通过机器学习训练算法的预测能力,增加其准确度。

DANJIUZHEIGEJIEJUEFANGANERYAN,SUOXUYAODENENGLIBUXIAOQIEFUZA:

SHOUXIANSHIJIAGONGSHEBEIHANQIANGDEGAIZAO,XUYAOZAIZHONGDUANBUSHUYIDINGLIANGJISUANLIHEWANGLUOTONGXINDENENGLI;

四川快乐12QICISHIYITIAOLIUSHUIXIANSHANG,SHUTAIJIQIRENGONGTONGZUOYESHI,GEZISHUJUCAIJI、BIANYUANJISUAN,ZUIZHONGZAIJIANGJIEGUOHUIZONGDENENGLI;

ZUIHOUSHIZHENGTIDEYUNWEITONGCHOUNENGLI,SUOYOUJIQIRENDESHUJUZAIBIANYUANJISUANCHULIZHIYU,HAIDEHUIZONGDAOYIQI,SHUJUHUIZONGDEYIBIAOBANKEBANGZHUAODIYUANGONGZHIGUANCHAKANSHUJU,BINGQIEXITONGHUIZAIJIANCEDAOHANFENGQUEXIANHUOQIANZAIPEIZHIBIANHUASHITIXINGJISHURENYUAN,YIZUIDAXIANDUJIANSHAOHUOXIAOCHUQUEXIAN。

四川快乐12XIEZHUAODIWANCHENGZHEIMEDAYIGETIAOZHANDEHUOBANBUSHIBIEJIA,JIUSHIQUANQIUBANDAOTIYEJUTOUYINGTEER。ZAINEIKASUERMUGONGCHANGJINXINGDEJIQIRENSHENGJI,JIUSHIYINGTEERHEAODIZAIHEZUOJINXINGGAINIANYANZHENG(POC)SHIYAN。

虽然只是一次试验,但效果依旧十分明显。奥迪的生产计划、自动化和数字化负责人Michael H?ffner就专门表示,通过这次试验,生产线上劳动力成本降低了30%到50%。

四川快乐12GENGWEIGUANJIANDESHICICISHIYANDENEIRONG,WANQUANKEYIZUOWEIYIZHONGJICHUXINGJISHU,KUOZHANDAOQICHESHENGCHANDEQITAHUANJIEZHONGQU,RUMAOJIE、TUJIAOHEPENQIDENGDENG。

横向拓展能力的基础主要有两点,一是英特尔打造工业互联网时的硬件基础,各种不同的工业解决方案都是运行在英特尔的X86处理器上四川快乐12,而英特尔X86处理器自身从边缘到云计算的广泛布局,让其工业互联网解决方案极具扩展能力。

LINGYIFANGMIANZAIYUYINGTEERZAIGONGYEHULIANWANGSHANGDETIQIANTOURU,ZAIAODIJIEJUEFANGANZHONG,BIANSHIYONGLEYINGTEERDE“Industral Edge Insights(XIAWENJIANCHENGIEI)”RUANJIAN。ZHEITAORUANJIANBENSHENJIUZHEYANYUGONGYEZHONGDEGEZHONGCHANGJING,TONGGUOYUYINGTEERZISHENLINGHUODEYINGJIANJICHUJIEHE,BANGZHUKEHUGENGKUAIWANCHENGSHUJUSHOUJI、CUNCHUHEFENXI,JIANGDIGONGYEHULIANWANGDEMENJIAN。

四川快乐12RENGYIHANJIEZHEIGERENWUWEILI,YINGTEERHAIHEGUONEIGONGSIXINJIEDIANQIHEZUO,YANFALEYIKUANWANQUANTONGGUO3DJIQISHIJUESHIXIANDEHANJIEJIEJUEFANGAN,NENGGOUWANCHENGHENDUOYIWANGFEIZHINENGJIEJUEFANGANWUFAWANCHENG,BIXUYILAIRENGONGDEHANJIERENWU。

制造业的下一步,应该是什么样子?

ZUOWEIJUEDINGRENLEISHENGHUOSHUIPINGDEQIANTI,ZHIZAOYEDEFAZHANZHUDINGMEIYOUZHONGDIANZHIYOUGENGYUANDEYUANFANG。ZHEIGEBUDUANQIANJINDEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZUIGUANJIANDESHIZHAODAOWEILAIDEHEXINQUSHI。

四川快乐12RIBENZAISHANGSHIJI70、80NIANDAIFENGKUANGDIJIANGGEZHONGJIQIRENJISHUYINRULEJIXIE、DIANZI、QICHEWEIDAIBIAODEZHIZAOYE。SHIZHIJINRI,RIBENDEJIQIRENBAOYOULIANGSUICHIXUXIAHUA,DANRENGLAOLAOZHANJUSHIJIEDIERDEWEIZHI。ZHEIBEIHOUSUODUIYINGDEJIUSHIRIBENDUIYUZHIZAOYEFAZHANDEPANDUAN:

●YISHIJIQIRENZAIWANCHENGGAOJINGJIANDEZHIZAORENWUSHIYOUXIANTIANYOUSHI;

●ERSHIRIBENSHIQUANQIUSHAOZIHUA、RENKOULAOLINGHUAZUIYANZHONGDEGUOJIA,JIQIRENKEYIJIDAFUDUJIEJUELAODONGLIWENTI。

四川快乐12WENTILAILE,CONGDANGXIAQUSHIKAN,ZHIZAOYEWEILAIDEHEXINSHISHENME?

 
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